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NETAJI SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE

........................Netaji Subash Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack. At that time his father Janaki Nath Bose was an established lawyer. Netaji completed his schooling from Missionary School and later on passed his matric in 1913 from Revenshaw Collegiate. He went to Calcutta and studied in the Presidency College. Then later on he passed his ICS Exam from London with distinction. He was a brilliant student. He always used to stand first. While he was a student he was involved in social welfare work like helping in the treatment of the poor patients, people suffering from floods, helping the poor and needy.

........................When he returned from London after his studies, the then political situation gave inspiration to his revolutionary and patriotic thoughts. He did not love his job as a Civil servant and left his job to join in the struggle for independence. He went to jail for 11 times from 1921 to 1941. He was first Mayor in Calcutta Corporation. He leaded the self-care Congress committee and proved himself by his works. He became the President of Indian National Trade Union Congress in 1931. He became the President of National Congress in 1938. He selected Harekrushna Mahtab from Orissa during this period for the Congress working committee. Before this no person was taken from Orissa in the Congress working committee. Netaji won the election that was held for the President of Congress in 1939. But due to some misunderstanding and mismatch with thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi he resigned from the congress and formed a new political party in the name of ‘Forward Block’. After he came to Orissa many other leaders like Pundit Nilakantha Das, Godabarish Mishra, Dibakar Patanaik etc. had joined the forward block. During the Second World War, the British under strict vigil kept him in jail. But he fled from the jail in a dramatic manner in 1941 and could not be traced. He formed “Ajad Hind Fauj” or “The Indian Army” with the help from countries of Germany, Japan and Italy. He then fought against the British for the Indian independence. He formed an Independent Indian Government staying abroad. His Ajad Hind Fauj freed Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Manipur from the British rule and declared separate independent states. But it was fortune that did not favour him and the Germans and the Japanese lost in the world war and his aim was not fulfilled.

........................ He died in 18 August 1945 while he was travelling in an airplane from Singapore to Tokyo in the crash. But his death due to plane crash still remains an unsolved mystery. He played a key role in the making India free. He believed in freeing India from the hands of the British rule. Had he been alive after Indian independence he would surely have been an uncontested leader. His words “Jai Hind” till today inspires all Indians for patriotism. He loved his birthplace Orissa. He took steps to make Orissa a separate state. He used to exchange letters with Pundit Gopabandhu. While he was in jail he wrote letters to Gopabandhu. He wrote letter to an eminent Bengali writer to write a book on Konark while he was in jail. He being a famous personality of India as well as in the whole world, the people of Orissa should be proud of his works and honours.


Dated : 4/27/02

 



NETAJI SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE
Eminent Persons of orissa
UTKALAMANI PUNDIT GOPABANDHU DAS
UTKAL GOURABA MADHUSUDAN DAS
RAMADEVI
DR. RADHANATH RATH
PUNDIT GODABARISH MISHRA
NETAJI SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE
NABAKRUSHNA CHOUDHURY
HAREKRUSHNA MAHATAB
FAKIR MOHAN SENAPATI
BISWANATH DAS
BIR SURENDRA SAI
BIJU PATTNAIK
KRUSHNA CHANDRA GAJAPATI NARAYAN DEV
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