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........................Late Biju Pattnaik was born in Cuttack. His father Laxmi Narayan Pattnaik belonged to a village called Nuagan situated near Bhanjanagar and was Munsif in Cuttack. Biju Pattnaik had completed his education from Cuttack Mission School, Revenshaw Collegiate School and Revenshaw College. He went for pilot training while he was studying his B.Sc. After completion of his pilot training he was employed as an airplane pilot in the Indian National Air Force. Besides being a good student he was also interested in sports and games. He went on a tour from Cuttack to Peshawar on his bicycle. He used to help in distribution of relief during the floods. He was associated with Pundit Gopabandhu Das. The police offended him when he had been to see Gandhi during his visit to Cuttack. He was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s struggle for freedom moment. He used to take Jayaprakash and many more such freedom fighters to secret places in his plane. When the British government came to know this he was sent to jail on 13-01-1943. He was freed in 1945. After that he took part in politics.

........................ He was elected for the Vidhan Sabha for the first time in1946 from Cuttack on behalf of congress party. He became the President of Utkal Congress Committee in 1961. Third general election for the Orissa Vidhan Sabha took place only because of his efforts and under his leadership. Congress won 87 seats out of 140 seats. He was the Chief Minister from 23 –06-1961 to 01-10-1963. As per the Kamaraj Yojna he resigned from the post of Chief Minister. Biren Mitra succeeded him. He was the President of Rajya Yojana Board from 1963 to 1965. He resigned from congress party in 1970 and formed a new party called Utkal Congress. In 1971 elections his Utkal Congress party could manage to win only 33 seats. He joined Utkal Congress party hands with Bharatiya Lok Dal in 1974 and became the president of the local branch. He also was the opposition leader. He was in jail for 18 months during in 1975 national emergency. He played a major role in formation of the Janta Dal in 1976. He was elected for the Lok Sabha in 1977 from the Janta Party and became the Cabinet Minister for Steel & Mines in the center. He had a major hand in making V.P.Singh the Prime Minister of India. In 1978 he became a member in Charan Singh’s Janta(S) party and remained as the minister in the center till 1980. He was the leader of opposition of Vidhan Sabha in 1985. During the 9th election for the Vidhan Sabha that was held in 1990 Janata Party had won 123 seats out of 140. Congress could manage to win only 10 seats. Biju Pattnaik became the Chief Minister for the second time after a gap of 27 years on 05-03-1990. Congress got the majority in 1995 and Janaki Ballav Pattanaik became the Chief Minister. As a result Biju Pattnaik had to resign on 14-03-1995.

........................In 1946 he began his political career and contested in the election for the first time and later he contested from various constituencies for 12 times in the Vidhan Sabha elections. In 1971 he created a record contesting from 4 different constituencies for the Vidhan Sabha and he won from one Lok Sabha constituency and was defeated from all the other constituencies. He won continuously for 4 times from Bhubaneswar constituency since 1980. He got international fame as a pilot for his work full of courage and danger. Getting the orders from Jawahar Lal Nehru during the independence struggle of Indonesia he brought back the leaders associated with the independence from the jail from the hands of Dutch rulers. He was later honored as “Bhumiputra (son of the soil)” of Indonesia. In 1995 he was awarded with the honor “Chin tunga yashottam”. During the 1947 Pakistan attack on Kashmir he was the first to land by plane in Kashmir which had astonished the Pakistani soldiers. He founded the Kalinga Foundation Trust in 1952 in the international level on behalf of UNESCO to inspire and give scope to the scientists of all over the world. Every year this trust gives the award “Kalinga Puraskar”. Although he was an industrialist he still took part in politics. He himself had established the Choudwar cloth mill, tube factory, refrigerator, Barbil iron factory. During his ministry he had taken major steps for the growth and development of Daitari steel plant, Rorkela steel plant, Sunabeda MIG fighter plane factory, Burla Engineering College, Roukela Enginnering College, Paradip port, Express Highway, increase of power production etc. In 1961 Orissa Jilla Parishad rule was bought into effect as a result of which there was formed 13 Jilla Parishads in 13 districts and 34 Panchayat Samitis. Biju Pattnaik had increased the number of districts from 13 to 30. He also fixed minimum labor charges should be Rs. 25/- His first and foremost wish was that the people of Orissa and all the Oriyas should give up a cowardice life and putting oneself down and should try to be forward and establish themselves.

Dated : 4/25/02

Submitted By:Nupoor Panda, Bhubaneswar

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