Orissa is an attractive treasure house of cultures
and customs, religions and traditions, languages
and literature, art and architecture, scenic beauties
and wildlife .
Orissa lies on the eastern coast along the Bay of
Bengal . The state once formed a part of Kalinga
kingdom which is best known in ancient history for
its brave resistance against the invasion of the
Mauryan King Ashoka in the 3rd century
B.C., who ultimately conquered it .That the emperor
turned to Buddhism and peace after witnessing the
bloodshed in this war is well known. This also formed
the turning point in the history of Orissa giving
a boost to art and architecture in the ancient kingdom.
The ancient state rose to prominance as a kingdom
under Kharavela, a great conqueror and patron of
Jainism, in the second half of the 1st
centure B.C. Other great rulers were the kings of
the Kesari dynesty and the Eastern Ganga dynasty
who were also great builders.