Odissi Dance is the classical form of dance that originated
in the ambience of the temples. It is a lyrical form of dance
with its subtelety as its keynote. The intimate relationship
experienced between the poetry and music in Odissi is a feature
on which the aesthetics of the style is built. Odissi bases
itself on a wealth of systematized techniques which make this
dance aesthetically appealing and visually delightful. It
is a "sculpturesque" style of dance with a harmony
of line and movement, all its own. What is interesting about
Odissi is that body position is not merely a part of the vocabulary
or frame-work. The posture by itself conveys a particular
mood or message. The names of these postures too express the
moods they represent.
Dance is an expression of man's joy through rhythmic and spontaneous
movements, and this is pretty evident from the numerous traditional
dance forms existing in Orissa.
Changu dance derives its name from a kind of drum called Changu,
which invariably accompanies the dance. This dance is common
to almost all the tribes but is more popular among the Bhuyans.
The peculiar feature of the dance is that the men confront
the girls with music and song and then recede backwards when
the girls confront them. The girls dance standing in a row
generally holding each others hand.
is generally performed during the Chaitra Parab festival in
the month of Chaitra. It is a dance with a strong folk character;
almost like a dance drama. This dance originated perhaps in
Mayurbhanj district of Orissa and Sareikela district of Bihar.
In this dance footwork and body movement of the dancers are
most artistic and virile. Facial expressions are generally
Juang dance is performed to the accompaniment of tambourines.
Earlier they used to dance dressed in primitive leaf but not
any more. Men sing as the girls dance accompanied by deep
sounding tambourines. In one form the girls move around in
a single file keeping the right hand on the right shoulder
of the girl in front. The Juangs also have what are called
the bear dance and the pigeon dance.
Hos are a purely agricultural tribe. They have dances during
Magh festival which is held in the month of January when the
granaries are full. The chief beverage taken during the celebrations
is a kind of home brewed rice beer called Illi. During Ho
celebrations all restrictions are set aside.